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26 Jun

Common Antibacterial Linked to Bone Loss

An antibacterial found in consumer goods and personal care products may increase the risk of osteoporosis.

Health News Results - 41

Spinal Fusion Outcomes Worse for Black Patients, Large Study Finds

Black Americans who have lower spinal fusion surgery have more complications, spend more time in the hospital and have higher costs than white patients, new research shows.

For the study, the researchers analyzed the discharge records of nearly 268,000 patients in California, Florida, New York, Maryland and Kentucky who had this common surgery from 2007 through 2014.

Of thos...

What's the Best Treatment for a Child's Broken Bone?

Fiberglass and plaster casts are widely used to treat broken bones in kids, but they have drawbacks compared with other methods such as braces and splints, experts say.

Doctors and patients should review the available options, considering not only treatment of the fracture, but also patient comfort and compliance as well as the burden on the family, according to a review article in th...

Smog May Be Bad for Your Bones

Air pollution not only raises the risk of lung cancer, stroke and respiratory diseases, but it is also bad for your bones, a new study suggests.

The study, done in India, looked at more than 3,700 people from 28 villages outside the city of Hyderabad.

The researchers estimated exposure of fine particulate air pollution and asked participants what fuel they used for cooking....

Experimental Drug Could Be New Option Against Arthritis

A new drug might be able to save a person's knees from the ravages of osteoarthritis, researchers report.

People taking the drug, code named MIV-711, had less bone and cartilage loss than others given a placebo.

"We know that bone slowly changes shape as knee osteoarthritis progresses," said lead researcher Philip Conaghan, a professor at the Leeds Institute of Rheumatic an...

Vitamin D Alone Doesn't Prevent Fractures, New Study Finds

Taking calcium and vitamin D might help older adults curb the risk of a bone fracture, but vitamin D alone does not do the job, a new research review concludes.

The analysis of 28 past studies found that older adults with higher blood levels of vitamin D were less likely to suffer a broken hip or other fracture over five to 15 years.

But the picture was different in studies ...

'Swimmer's Shoulder' Strikes 3 in 4 Teen Competitors

It's called swimmer's shoulder, and it's an overuse injury that three-quarters of teen swimmers suffer from, new research shows.

The study authors also found that many young swimmers with shoulder pain believe it's just part of being competitive and successful.

For the study, researchers surveyed 150 high school and youth club competitive swimmers, aged 13 to 18, and found ...

Get Moving: Exercise Can Help Lower Older Women's Fracture Risk

Older women who get even light exercise, like a daily walk, may lower their risk of suffering a broken hip, a large study suggests.

A number of studies have linked regular exercise to a lower risk of hip fracture -- a potentially disabling or even fatal injury for older adults. Each year, more than 300,000 people in the United States aged 65 or older are hospitalized for a broken hip,...

Steroid Shots for Painful Joints May Make Matters Worse

Corticosteroid shots are often used to ease arthritis pain, but a new study suggests they may be riskier than thought.

Researchers found that among patients who had the treatment at their center, 8% had complications. Most often, that meant a worsening in cartilage breakdown in the joint. But a small number of patients suffered bone loss or stress fractures.

Traditionall...

Humans May Possess Ability to Regrow Cartilage

Humans may lack the salamander skill of regrowing a limb, but a new study suggests they do have some capacity to restore cartilage in their joints.

The findings run counter to a widely held belief: Because the cartilage cushioning your joints lacks its own blood supply, your body can't repair damage from an injury or the wear-and-tear of aging.

And that, in part, is why so m...

Is Partial Hip Replacement Often the Better Option?

In recent years, the number of U.S. adults getting total hip replacements -- meaning both a new ball and joint socket -- following a hip fracture has soared to an estimated 500,000 annually.

That's nearly three times the rate at which these adults undergo a partial hip replacement, which only replaces the ball of the hip joint.

But a new Canadian study that compared the sho...

For This Mom, Rare Bone Disease Is a Family Affair

Most people expect some risk in activities like mountain biking or rollerblading, but few would expect to end up in the emergency room with a broken thigh bone from doing a squat.

That's exactly what happened to Rachael Jones, 39, who was just trying to stay in shape, despite having a lifelong genetic illness.

The broken femur wasn't her first broken bone -- and it may not...

How to Keep Your Bones Strong and Prevent Fractures

If you're a young adult, start thinking about your bone health, an expert advises.

Most people reach peak bone mass -- the strongest bones they'll ever have -- between 25 and 30 years of age, according to Dr. Philip Bosha, a physician with Penn State Sports Medicine in State College, Pa.

"To some extent, genetics determines the peak, but lifestyle influences, such as diet an...

AHA News: Here's Why Stroke Survivors Need to Pay Attention to Bone Health

People who have had a stroke, and the doctors who treat them, have a lot to be concerned about: regaining mobility and function, controlling risk factors for a second stroke, guarding against depression that can result from a newly limited life.

There's another potential consequence not on everyone's list: osteoporosis.

"We don't know as much about osteoporosis and stroke ...

Poor Social Life Could Spell Trouble for Older Women's Bones

A lack of positive connections with others may do more than make older women lonely, with new research suggesting it can also weaken their bones.

In a long-term study of more than 11,000 postmenopausal women in the United States, lower bone mineral density was associated with higher "social strain," a measure of negative social interactions and relationships. Weaker bones were also ti...

Could Antibacterial Triclosan Weaken Women's Bones?

Triclosan, a chemical commonly added to a myriad of consumer products to kill bacteria, may be bad for women's bones, a new study suggests.

"We found that higher triclosan levels in urine were associated with lower bone mineral density in the femur and lumbar spine and increased the risk for osteoporosis in U.S. women, especially postmenopausal women," said lead researcher Yingjun Li,...

Bones Help Black People Keep Facial Aging at Bay

Why do so many black adults continue to look youthful as they age?

A new study says it's in their bones.

Researchers found that the facial bones of black adults retain a higher mineral content than those other races, which makes their faces less likely to reflect their advancing years.

The new study is the first to document how facial bones change as black adults ...

Many Middle-Aged Men May Have Signs of Thinning Bones

Brittle bones are often seen as a woman's health issue, but low bone mass may be more common among middle-aged men than generally thought, a small study suggests.

The research, of 173 adults aged 35 to 50, found that men and women were equally likely to have low bone mass in the hip. It was found in 28% of men and 26% of women.

Those study participants, the researche...

FDA Approves New Osteoporosis Treatment

Many aging Americans face the risk of fractures due to osteoporosis. Now, they have a new means of fighting back, thanks to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's approval of a new treatment on Tuesday.

The FDA gave its OK to Evenity, an injected therapy developed by drug giant Amgen. Evenity (romosozumab) is a type of therapy known as a monoclonal antibody, and it helps build new ...

New Facial Bone Might Someday Be Grown From the Patient's Rib

Scientists have developed a way to grow live bone using a rib and a 3-D mold in animal studies, and they say their technique could offer a new way to treat severe head and facial injuries.

The technique was tested in sheep. First, the researchers made a rectangular defect in the animal's jaw. Then they printed out an implantable mold and spacer made of bone cement.

They atta...

Ebola Survivors Continue to Suffer Years After Recovery

Many survivors of the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa have ongoing health problems, a new study finds.

More than 28,000 people were infected and more than 11,000 died in the outbreak.

Researchers compared 966 Ebola survivors from Liberia with 2,350 close contacts and sexual partners. They found that survivors were more likely to have increased urinary frequency, head...

What's the Right Age to Test for Osteoporosis?

Osteoporosis is a threat to many women, especially after menopause. But the lead up to weak, brittle bones can start much earlier in life.

When bone density drops but isn't yet at the level of osteoporosis, it's called osteopenia. Osteopenia affects more than 33 million Americans over age 50, men and women, while 10 million have osteoporosis.

Yet the DEXA scan, the painless ...

Most Hip, Knee Replacements Last Decades, Study Finds

If you need a new hip or knee, take heart: The vast majority of these joint replacements last decades, new research shows.

The conclusion stems from an exhaustive review of several hundred thousand joint replacements in Australia, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and New Zealand.

The researchers followed nearly 216,000 hip replacement patients for 15 years. They also tracked...

Opioids Overprescribed for Common Children's Fracture, Study Says

Children who have surgery for a broken elbow may be overprescribed potentially addictive opioid painkillers, a new study finds.

Overprescription includes giving kids too many opioids when they are sent home -- raising the risk that any leftover meds will be "diverted" for illicit use.

"This study suggests that orthopedic surgeons really need to think about our current prescr...

Exercise Injury Prevention: Protecting Your Ankles

Guarding against injury means increasing both flexibility and strength. Target the muscles that support your ankles to protect your joints by strength-training two or three times a week on alternating days and always after you've warmed up.

Start by using a resistance band to work calf muscles. Sit on the floor, with legs straight. Wrap the center of the band around your right foot an...

Ditch the Cast: Some Broken Ankles May Heal  in Half the Time

Three weeks in a cast or brace may be just as effective in healing ankle fractures as the typical six weeks, a new study shows.

While six weeks in a cast is the usual treatment, there are risks associated with prolonged immobilization, including stiffness, skin damage and blocked blood vessels.

Finnish researchers decided to find out if three weeks of treatment would be as e...

Study Examines Link Between Type 1 Diabetes, Broken Bones

Poor blood sugar control puts people with type 1 diabetes at increased risk for fragility fractures, a new study shows.

A fragility fracture is a broken bone caused by a fall from standing height or less.

For the study, researchers analyzed data on more than 3,300 people with type 1 diabetes and more than 44,000 with type 2 diabetes, in the United Kingdom.

The da...

3 Conditioning Exercises to Support Your Hips

To support your hip joints, you need to strengthen the muscles that support them. This can help prevent or relieve hip pain and guard against injury.

Appropriate exercises target muscles of the thighs and the glutes. Here are three to add to your fitness regimen.

Note: Before conditioning, always warm up with five to 10 minutes of easy exercise, like walking or riding a sta...

Skeletons Mature Earlier Now, Affecting Orthopedic Treatments

Scientists say children's skeletons are maturing sooner than they did early in the 20th century, and this could affect the timing of certain orthopedic treatments.

Girls are reaching full skeletal maturity nearly 10 months earlier and boys nearly seven months earlier, according to the University of Missouri School of Medicine researchers.

"Our findings show there is a 'new n...

Physical Therapy Can Help You Avoid Opioids When Joint Pain Strikes

People who get prompt physical therapy for pain in the knee, shoulder or lower back may have less need for opioid painkillers, new research suggests.

The study, of nearly 89,000 U.S. patients, found that people given physical therapy for their pain were 7 percent to 16 percent less likely to fill a prescription for an opioid.

The researchers said the findings suggest that ea...

Healthful Diet = Healthy Bones

Trying to eat a healthier diet? Don't forget that certain foods can help protect your bones, a nutrition expert says.

"Bone disease is often preventable by getting enough calcium and vitamin D into your diet," said Kathryn Weatherford, a registered dietitian at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.

"By eating the right combination of calcium- and vitamin D-rich foo...

Tennis Elbow 'Treatments' Bring Little Relief: Study

Treatments for "tennis elbow" are generally ineffective, researchers say, but don't despair: The painful condition will usually clear up on its own.

Each year, approximately 200,000 Americans are diagnosed with tennis elbow -- inflammation caused by overuse of the tendons in the forearm. The condition can affect anyone who uses their hands and wrists for hours each day, such as carpe...

Uncontrolled Blood Pressure? Maybe It's Time to Check Your Shins

If you're on multiple medications and your high blood pressure is still not under control, you might want to ask your doctor to check the lead levels in your shin bones.

Researchers found a link between the two, and they noted that standard blood tests didn't spot rising lead levels while the shin bone test did.

"Laws limiting lead exposure have been on the books for decades...

Genes, Not Diet, May Be Key to Gout Flare-Ups

Although many people suffering from painful gout flare-ups point to diet as the culprit, new research suggests DNA plays a much bigger role.

The findings challenge the long-held belief that diet is the major factor in gout, a joint disease that causes extreme pain and swelling. Gout is caused by hyperuricemia -- high blood levels of uric acid, which forms crystals that collect around ...

Vitamin D Supplements Won't Build Bone Health in Older Adults: Study

Vitamin D supplements have long been touted as a way to improve bone health and possibly ward off the bone-thinning disease osteoporosis in older adults.

But a new study contends that claims of benefits from supplements of the "sunshine vitamin" fall flat.

A review of previously published studies found that taking either high or low doses of vitamin D supplements didn't pr...

After Concussion, Are Legs at Risk, Too?

Young athletes with a history of concussions may be at increased risk for leg injuries, preliminary research suggests.

The study included boys and girls who played soccer at 52 U.S. high schools. Those who'd suffered a concussion at any time in their life were 85 percent more likely to suffer leg injuries during one soccer season than those who'd never had a concussion, the researcher...

Anxious Women May Want to Keep an Eye on Their Bone Health

As if older women didn't already worry enough about their bone health, new research suggests that anxiety may up their risk for fractures.

Based on an analysis involving almost 200 postmenopausal Italian women, the finding builds upon previous research linking anxiety to a higher risk for heart disease and gastrointestinal problems.

"Our findings are quite surprising becaus...

His and Her Knee Injuries Occur the Same Way

Women are more likely than men to suffer a knee injury called an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear. But -- surprisingly -- the injury occurs the same way in both genders, a new study reveals.

Prior research suggested women are two to four times more likely to suffer ACL tears due to differences in how this type of injury occurs in the sexes, researchers at Duke University, in Dur...

Chilean 'Alien' Was a Human With Bone Disorder: Study

Puzzling skeletal remains found in Chile 15 years ago -- and rumored to be "alien" -- are, in fact, from a human fetus with rare bone anomalies, researchers say.

The findings may or may not put to rest any internet-driven alien theories.

But the researchers said their discoveries could potentially aid in diagnosing rare bone disorders. They were able to identify several prev...

A Surgery-Free Fix for Bad Knees?

Tiny pellets could treat arthritic knee pain, delaying the need for knee replacement surgery, a small study has found.

Microparticles inserted into small blood vessels around the knee helped reduce the pain and improve function in eight arthritis sufferers, according to clinical trial results. The results were presented Monday at the Society of Interventional Radiology's annual meeti...

Calcium Supplements Tied to Higher Odds of Colon Polyps

Could the calcium supplement you take to help your bones be harming your colon?

That's the suggestion from a new study that finds a link between the daily supplement and an increased risk for polyps in the colon.

Polyps are not cancerous, but some can eventually turn into cancer if they're not removed.

Further research is needed to confirm the findings. But if calc...

Widely Used COPD Meds Tied to Increased Fracture Risk

Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are placed on powerful inhaled corticosteroid therapy to ease symptoms.

But new research suggests the treatment might raise their odds for bone fractures.

Still, the Canadian study wasn't able to prove cause-and-effect, and the overall risk remained small, said one expert not connected to the study.

"L...

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